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What is HTML?

Overview

  • HTML full form is Hyper-Text Markup Language.
  • Any page might be made in .php, .asp, .jsp or any other backend langauge -- In the end whatever the client comeputer/ mobile/ laptop gets is only an HTML document.
  • HTML was developed in 1990 by Berners-Lee.
  • HTML only creates the backbone or dom of an HTML document. You will still need CSS for cosmetics and JS to add user-friendly responses and animations.

What is HTML?

HTML simply stands for HyperText Markup Language, which means that it contains a large number of markup tags.

You might have some data that you want to fill your website with. Adding this data in proper way is taken care by HTML tags.

There are separate tags for different purpose or types of content. For example, nav contains navigation, H1 to H6 tags contain headers (with different priorities of weightage), div tags are used to generate final layout of a web page and p tags (or paragraph tags) are used to contain textual data along with related images, audios, and videos.

More about HTML

HTML is a langulage to develop web-pages for websites and all the websites of the world are finally rendered in the browser as plain html files only. The files could initially be present on server side as - '.php', '.asp', or '.jsp' format but finally they are converted as 'plain .html' files and then sent to the browser on the client (or user-side) computer.

Full form of HTML is HyperText Markup Language. It was developed by the scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1990 for making very basic pages in a website. From then on, the language has seen constant development and changes. Today, it has capability of making complex graphs and charts all by itself (using SVG, Canvas, WebGL).

HTML is very easy to learn and use and along with some other technologies, such as CSS and JavaScript, anyone can easily make his own stunning website. Once this website is uploaded on the internet, anyone can access this site sitting at any corner of the world, by making use of internet.

Different versions of HTML

Following table shows the various versions of HTML:

VersionYear
HTML1991
HTML 2.01995
HTML 3.21997
HTML 4.011999
XHTML2000
HTML52014

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