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What is HTML?

Overview

  • Full form of HTML is Hyper-Text Markup Language.
  • HTML was developed in 1990 by Berners-Lee.
  • Any page at server having extension .php, .asp, .jsp when sent to front-end is always in .html format only (and thereby rendered by the browser).
  • HTML only creates the backbone or dom of an HTML document. You will still need CSS for cosmetics and JS to add dynamic and interactive behaviour to the webpages.

What is HTML?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language and it contains large number of markup tags.

Markup tags are helpful in providing meaning to the data that is present on a website. It helps in separating the data based on - whether it is heading, a simple paragraph, a table content, an image, a hyperlink and so on. Till you add markup tags to various data items, you cannot specify a way in which browser in reality understands what kind of data is it and what you want to do with a certain chunk of "textual or visual" data?

There are separate tags for different purpose or types of content. For example:

  • nav tags - contain navigation links
  • H1 to H6 tags - represent headers to content
  • div tags - act as wrappers of content
  • table, th, td, tr tags - help in making tabular data
  • and so on ....

More about HTML

HTML is a language to develop web-pages for websites and all the websites of the world are finally rendered in the browser as plain html files only. The files could initially be present on server side as - '.php', '.asp', or '.jsp' format but finally they are converted as 'plain .html' files and then sent to the browser on the client (or user-side) computer.

HTML was developed by the scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1990 for making very basic pages in a website. From then on, the language has seen constant development and changes. Today, it has capability of making complex graphs and charts all by itself (using SVG, Canvas, WebGL).

HTML is very easy to learn and use and along with some other technologies, such as CSS and JavaScript, one can easily make his own website. Once this website is uploaded on the web, anyone sitting at any corner of the world can access this site using internet.

Different versions of HTML

Following is the chronology of various versions of HTML:

VersionYear
HTML1991
HTML 2.01995
HTML 3.21997
HTML 4.011999
XHTML2000
HTML52014

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