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Sass Conditionals

@if and @else in Sass

In any programming language logic is given utmost importance and on basis of certain condition the flow of program is decided. As Sass adds programming functionalities to CSS to handle conditions and directed flow Sass presents forward @if and @else.

If statement always resolves to a boolean - true or false. If the condition inside the brackets (infront of if keyword) turns true then further code is executed, otherwise whatever is written inside @else will be executed.

Look at the example below:


$primary-color: #8a8a8a;
$secondary-color: #bababa;
$current-theme: "normal";
@if (current-theme == "dark"){
  $primary-color: #000;
  $secondary-color: #fff;
@else if (current-theme == "light") {
  $primary-color: #fff;
  $secondary-color: #000;
@else {
  $primary-color: #8a8a8a;
  $secondary-color: #bababa;

body {
  border: 1px solid #000;
  background: $primary-color;
  color: $secondary-color;


Dark Theme

Normal Theme

Light Theme

Note: Keep in mind that along with @if and @else if there are more than 2 possibilities, you can use multiple @else if conditions followed by set of code to be executed if true.

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